Formula: NaAl3Al6(Si6O18(BO3)3O3(OH)
Cyclosilicate (ring silicate), tourmaline group, forms a series with elbaite
Specific gravity:
Hardness: 7
Streak: White
Colour: Light pink, blue, pale bluish, pale greenish, colourless


Olenite occurs in veins in granite pegmatites associated with elbaite, quartz, albite and K-feldspar (HOM, Dana).


At the type locality, Olenii Ridge, Voron'i Tundry, Murmansk Oblast, Russia, olenite occurs as the outer zone of acicular tourmaline crystals that are up to 3 mm long, associated with quartz and albite, in veins in pegmatite. The tourmaline cores are elbaite, and aluminium enrichment toward the edge of zoned crystals demonstrates a solid solution between elbaite and olenite (AM 73.441).

In the Grenville-age marbles from Newcomb, Essex County, New York, USA, olenite is found as crystals to 2mm, some showing transitions from olenite to rossmanite. The mineral was produced by fracturing followed by invasion of aluminum- and silica- rich fluids that reacted with uvite to form rossmanite and/or olenite; the fluids became sodium-rich toward the end of this stage and deposited albite and quartz (R&M 84.4.366).

Common impurities: Ti,Zn,Li,Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca,K,F,H2O

Back to Minerals