The stilbite minerals are tectosilicates (framework silicates) and members of the zeolite group, being:
Stilbite-Ca: NaCa4(Si27Al9)O72 .28H2O
Stilbite-Na: Na9(Si27Al9)O 72.28H2O
Specific gravity: (both) 2.1 to 2.2,
Hardness: (both) 3½ to 4
Streak: (both) White
Colour: (both) White, Red, Yellow, Brown, Cream
Solubility: Moderately soluble in hydrochloric acid
Stilbite is found in cavities in basalt and related rocks, associated with
heulandite, chabazite and other
zeolites and calcite.
Geothermal wells have been drilled through a thick series of basalt flows in western Iceland, where it was found that stilbite crystallised at temperatures from 75oC to 200oC at depths between 45m and 1200m (ZW).
Stilbite is relatively frequent in crevices in metamorphic rocks, sometimes associated with quartz, epidote, prehnite and K-feldspar variety adularia.
At High Force Quarry, Forest and Frith, County Durham, England, UK, crystals of stilbite line closely spaced open fissures up to 3 mm wide in chloritised dolerite pegmatite. The stilbite is accompanied by small crystals of analcime and chabazite (JRS 21.14).
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