Chrysoberyl

oxide

beryllium mineral

Formula: BeAl2O4 multiple oxide
Specific gravity: 3.75
Hardness: 8½
Streak: White
Colour: Green shades, emerald-green, greenish white, yellowish green, greenish brown, yellow, blue
Environments:

Pegmatites
Metamorphic environments
Hydrothermal environments

Chrysoberyl is normally found in pegmatites, and rarely in some fluorite-rich veins. The colour-change variety alexandrite is usually found in mica schist (Dana).

At Carnaiba, Brazil, chrysoberyl variety alexandrite occurs in schist associated with emerald (Dana).

Near St Gothard, Switzerland, chrysoberyl occurs in dolostone with corundum (Dana).

At many localities in Maine, USA, chrysoberyl occurs with columbite, tourmaline, gahnite and beryl (Dana).

Alteration

beryl to chrysoberyl, phenakite and silica (dry)
Be3Al2Si6O18 to BeAl2O4 + Be2(SiO4) + 5SiO2 (dry)
Increasing temperature and pressure favours the forward reaction. At a pressure of 4 kbar the equilibrium temperatute is 1300 deg C (AM 71.277-300).

beryl and aluminium silicate to chrysoberyl and silica (water saturated)
Be3Al2Si6O18Be + 2Al2OSiO4 to 3BeAl2O4 + 8SiO2 (water saturated)
At high pressure, above 8 kbar, the aluminium silicate phase is kyanite. Increasing temperature and decreasing pressure favours the forward reaction. At a pressure of 16 kbar the equilibrium temperature is about 850oC (AM 71.277-300).

chrysoberyl, bertrandite and kaolinite to euclase and H2O
2BeAl2O4 + 2Be4Si2O7(OH)2 + 3Al2Si2O5(OH)4 ⇌ 10BeAlSiO4(OH) + 3H2O
Increasing temperature favours the forward reaction (AM 63.664-676).

euclase to bertrandite, chrysoberyl, quartz and H2O
8BeAlSiO4(OH) ⇌ Be4Si2O7(OH)2 + 4BeAl2O4 + 6SiO2 + 3H2O
Increasing temperature favours the forward reaction (AM 63.664-676).

euclase to beryl, chrysoberyl, phenakite and H2O
20Eu to 3Be3Al2Si6O18 + 7BeAl2O4 + 2Be2(SiO4) + 10H2O
Increasing temperature and decreasing pressure favours the forward reaction. At a pressure of 6 kbar the equilibrium temperature is about 500oC, in the absence of impurities which might be incorporated in the beryl (AM 71.277-300).

euclase to phenakite, chrysoberyl, beryl and H2O
20BeAlSiO4(OH) ⇌ 2Be2(SiO4) + 7BeAl2O4 + 3Be3Al2Si6O18 + 10H2O
Increasing temperature favours the forward reaction (AM 63.664-676).

euclase and kaolinite to chrysoberyl, quartz and H2O
2BeAlSiO4(OH) + Al2Si2O5(OH)4 ⇌ 2BeAl2O4 + 4SiO2 + 3H2O
Increasing temperature favours the forward reaction (AM 63.664-676).

euclase and silica to beryl, chrysoberyl and H2O
4Eu + 2SiO2 to Be3Al2Si6O18 + BeAl2O4 + 2H2O
Increasing temperature and decreasing pressure favours the forward reaction. At a pressure of 8 kbar the equilibrium temperature is about 500oC, in the absence of impurities which might be incorporated in the beryl (AM 71.277-300).

euclase and quartz to chrysoberyl, beryl and H2O
4BeAlSiO4(OH) + 2SiO2 ⇌ BeAl2O4 + Be3Al2Si6O18 + 2H2O
Increasing temperature favours the forward reaction (AM 63.664-676).

Common impurities: Fe,Cr,Ti

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