Anhydrous arsenate containing hydroxyl, adelite-descloizite group
Forms a series with conichalcite
Specific gravity: 4.13
Hardness: 4 to 4½
Colour: Colourless to pale yellowish white or bright green; colourless in transmitted light.
Solubility: Readily soluble in cold dilute hydrochloric acid (AM 20.112-119)
Austinite is a rare secondary mineral in the
oxidised zone of some arsenic-rich base-metal
At the Lilli mine, Lomitos, Bolivia, austinite is associated with calcite and chalcedony (Dana).
At Bou Azze, Morocco, austinite is found in quartz and dolomite cavities associated with roselite, cobalt-rich talmessite and calcite ((Minrec 38.5.361).
At the Brown Monster mine, Inyo county, California, USA, austinite has been found coating fracture surfaces with mimetite. (Minrec 41.2.181)
At the type locality, Gold Hill Mine, Tooele County, Utah, USA, austinite occurs in the oxidised zone of a metal deposit, associated with quartz, limonite, adamite and talmessite (Mindat, HOM). It is closely associated with adamite, and it appears to be a later mineral, since groups of crystals of austinite have been found coating and growing on top of the adamite (AM 20.112-119).
The Activity-pH diagram below was calculated at 298.2 K for some zinc arsenates and Ca3(AsO4)2 for constant activity (roughly equivalent to concentration) of Ca2+ ions in solution, over a range of values of pH and of Zn2+ activity (MM 52.685).
The zinc mineral formulae are:
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