Formula: C native element
Specific gravity: 2.09 to 2.23
Hardness: 1 to 2
Streak: Black to steel-grey
Colour: Black to steel-grey
Solubility: Insoluble in hydrochloric, sulphuric and nitric acid
Metamorphic environments (typical)
Graphite most commonly occurs in metamorphic environments,
where it may form a considerable proportion of the
rock. In these cases, it has probably been derived from carbonaceous material of organic origin that has been
converted into graphite during metamorphism. It can also
be found in veins, in pegmatites and in many meteorites.
It is a mineral of the greenschist, amphibolite and granulite facies.
Graphite is a common constituent of phyllite, and it also may be found in limestone, schist and gneiss.
Graphite is the low pressure, high temperature paramorph of diamond. At 200oC graphite is the stable paramorph at pressures up to about 20 kbar (SERC).
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