Scapolite is a series between
These are tectosilicates (framework silicates)
Specific gravity: 2.5 to 2.8
Hardness: 5 - 6½
Colour: Colourless, white, grey, yellow, green, blue, red to violet
Solubility: Insoluble in hydrochloric, sulphuric and nitric acid
Scapolite is characteristic in limestone as a
metamorphic mineral. It also occurs in regionally metamorphosed rocks. It is common in a
wide variety of ore deposits, particularly skarn. It is also present in hydrothermally altered
basic igneous rocks. Marialite is commonly associated with very high NaCl in hydrothermal fluids
Scapolite may occur in schist and gneiss.
It is associated with diopside, amphibole, garnet, apatite, titanite and zircon.
Scapolite is a mineral of the amphibolite and granulite facies, but it has also been reported in rocks from the greenschist, eclogite and sanidinite facies. (DHZ 4 p 331).
In the Mount Lofty Ranges of South Australia, scapolite is associated with calcite, K-feldspar and pyroxene (DHZ 4 p332).
At Craigmont, Renfrew county, Ontario, Canada, scapolite occurs in nepheline gneiss, associated with nepheline, corundum and plagioclase (DHZ 4 p333).
At the Spain mine, Griffith township, Renfrew county, Ontario, Canada, orthoclase pseudomorphs after scapolite have been found (KL p263).
At Långö, Finland, scapolite occurs in a pegmatite dyke associated with biotite, allanite, quartz, fluorite, calcite and apatite (DHZ 4 p334).
At Arendal, Aust-Agder, Norway, scapolite occurs with epidote (FM OP 167).
In Yakutia, Russia, scapolite is associated with diopside, hornblende, garnet and tourmaline (DHZ 4 p334).
At Loos, Sweden, scapolite occurs in pegmatite dykes, and at the contact between the dykes and limestone, associated with albite, plagioclase, diopside, wollastonite, pargasite, grossular and fluorite, commonly intergrown with diopside or quartz (DHZ 4 p331).
At French Creek, Pennsylvania, USA, scapolite is intergrown with prehnite and associated with heulandite, chlorite, titanite, apatite and epidote, an assemblage which may have formed under zeolite facies conditions (DHZ 4 p331).
In many cases scapolite is derived by alteration from plagioclase feldspar.
anorthite and CO2 to meionite (scapolite series), corundum and quartz
4Ca(Al2Si2O8) + CO2 ⇌ Ca4Al6O24(CO3) + Al2O3 + 2SiO2 (DHZ 4 p334).
anorthite and calcite to meionite (scapolite series)
3Ca(Al2Si2O8) + CaCO3 ⇌ Ca4Al6O24(CO3)
This reaction occurs in the presence of a high CO2 pressure in an environment deficient in (Al+Na+K) (DHZ 4 p331).
meionite (scapolite series) and H2O to clinozoisite and CO2
Ca4Al6O24(CO3) + H2O ⇌ 2Ca2Al3Si3O12(OH) + CO2 (DHZ 4 p334).
meionite (scapolite series) and augite to garnet, calcite and quartz
Ca4Al6O24(CO3) + 3Ca(Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6 ⇌ 3Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(SiO4)3 + CaCO3 + 3SiO2 (DHZ 4 p334).
meionite (scapolite series), calcite and quartz to grossular and CO2
Ca4Al6O24(CO3) + 5CaCO3 + 3SiO2 ⇌ 3Ca3Al2(SiO4)3 + 6CO2 (DHZ 4 p334).
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