Formula: Mg3(SiO4)F2
Nesosilicate (insular SiO4 groups), humite group
Specific gravity: 3.177
Hardness: 6 to 6½
Streak: White
Colour: Orange-yellow, yellow, orange to brown
Solubility: Soluble in hydrochloric acid producing a silica gel (Dana)
Common impurities: Ti,Al,Fe,Mn,Zn,Ca,H2O

Metamorphic environments

Norbergite occurs in contact metamorphic rocks, marble, magnesium-rich skarn, and at the contact between calcite-dolomite marble and granite (Dana, HOM).
Associated minerals include dolomite, calcite, fluorapatite, tremolite, graphite, pyrrhotite, grossular, wollastonite, forsterite, diopside, monticellite, cuspidine, fluoborite, ludwigite, fluorite, phlogopite and brucite (HOM, Dana, Mindat).


At the type locality, the Östanmossa mine, Röberg ore field, Norberg, Västmanland County, Sweden, norbergite is associated with tremolite and a variety of allanite replacing a dolomitic limestone. Chondrodite is abundant in other parts of the same mine (AM 12.266).

At Franklin, New Jersey, USA, norbergite occurs in a coarsely crystalline limestone from the Nicoll Quarry, In thin sections many of the norbergite grains show irregular cores of chondrodite and this suggests that the norbergite may have replaced the chondrodite (AM 13.349-353).

Amity, Town of Warwick, Orange county, New York, USA, is an area of granite intrusions into marble and associated gneiss. The marble is mostly composed of white crystalline calcite that often has small flakes or spheres of graphite and phlogopite. Norbergite occurs as small yellow masses in marble, associated with fluoro-edenite and graphite (R&M 96.5.438).

In the Grenville marbles near Balmat, St Lawrence county, New York, USA, norbergite, calcite, minor graphite, pyrite, fluorapatite and sphalerite are associated with fluorophlogopite (AM 67.538-544, 545-557).

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