Wolfeite

wolfeite

triploidite

triplite

triphylite

Images

Formula: Fe2+2(PO4)(OH)
Anhydrous phosphate containing hydroxyl, triplite group, forms a series with triploidite
Specific gravity: 3.79 to 3.82
Hardness: 4½ to 5
Streak: White, off-white
Colour: Red-brown to dark brown, green (rare); light brown in transmitted light.
Solubility: Soluble in acids
Environments

Pegmatites
Sedimentary environments
Hydrothermal environments

Wolfeite is a secondary mineral formed by hydrothermal alteration of triphylite in complex zoned granite pegmatites, rarely in hydrothermal veins and in phosphatic nodules in shale. Associated minerals include triphylite, triplite, hagendorfite, arrojadite and apatite in pegmatites, and wicksite, satterlyite and maricite in shale (HOM, Mindat).

Localities

At Skrumpetorp, Godegård, Motala, Östergötland County, Sweden, wolfeite occurs with triplite (Dana).

The type locality is the Palermo Number 1 Mine, Groton, Grafton county, New Hampshire, USA, which is hosted by a granite pegmatite. Wolfeite was first noticed as a hydrothermal replacement of triphylite, associated with indistinct veinlets containing chlorite, sphalerite, pyrite and arsenopyrite. Further operations in the quarry exposed a large triphylite crystal that had been partly reworked hydrothermally into a granular aggregate composed of residual triphylite, siderite, quartz, apatite, plagioclase, ludlamite and wolfeite (AM 34.692-698).

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