Hydrated phosphate containing hydroxyl
Specific gravity: 2.8 to 3.08
Hardness: 3 to 4
Streak: Olive drab (unoxidized)
Colour: Dark greenish-brown, green, grading to grey
Solubility: Readily soluble in hydrochloric acid
Beraunite is a secondary mineral found in bog
iron ores and as a
cement in clays, sands and bone material;
it also occurs as an alteration product of triphylite in
granitic pegmatites (Mindat, Webmin, HOM).
Associated minerals include vivianite, dufrénite, rockbridgeite, cacoxenite, wavellite, strunzite, ferrostrunzite, ferristrunzite, frondelite, hureaulite, mitridatite, stewartite, laueite, leucophosphite, triphylite and limonite (HOM, Mindat).
Beraunite alters to limonite and alters from vivianite (Mindat).
The type locality is the Hrbek Mine, Svatá Dobrotivá, Beroun District, Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic.
At the Emmons pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford county, Maine, USA, beraunite is rare because Mn is more prevalent than Fe in most phosphate pods. Laueite, siderite and diadochite are commonly associated minerals. The Emmons pegmatite is an example of a highly evolved boron-lithium-cesium-tantalum enriched pegmatite (R&M 94.6.503).
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