Sulphide, copper mineral
Specific gravity:4.9 to 5.3
Streak: Dark grey
Colour: Reddish silver grey on fresh break
Solubility: Moderately soluble in nitric acid
Common impurities: Ag,Ge,Bi,In,Pb
Bornite is a widely occurring copper ore usually found associated with
pyrite and other sulphides, especially in the enriched zone of
mesothermal (moderate temperature) and
hypothermal (high temperature) veins. It is less frequently found as
secondary deposits in the oxidation zone of
copper veins. It occurs disseminated in
ultramafic rocks, in
regional metamorphic deposits and in
At the Mount Lyell Mines, Queenstown district, West Coast municipality, Tasmania, Australia, bornite is commonly associated with chalcocite, and contains small inclusions of mawsonite. Crystals to 6 cm associated with fluorite have been reported. Gold is a rare associate (AJM 21.2.21-22).
At the Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, UK, bornite has been found as a replacement of chalcocite, with chalcopyrite and calcite (RES p323).
chalcopyrite CuFeS2 (primary) readily alters to the secondary minerals bornite, covellite and brochantite.
chalcopyrite and chalcocite to bornite
CuFe3+S2 + 2Cu2S = Cu5FeS4
This reaction occurs in the supergene enrichment zone (JRS 18.14).
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